Doctrine of part performance embodied in Section 53-A of the Act is part of equitable doctrine in English law, Section 53-A gives statutory right which is available to the transferee for consideration in possession of the property under the contract.- 2015 S.C. (1995) MSKLAWREPORTS

 
In terms of the section, so long as the transferee has done and is willing to perform his part of the contract or, in other words, is always ready to abide by the terms of the contract and has performed or is always ready and willing to perform his part of the contract, the transferee is entitled to avail of this statutory right to protect his possession as a shield but not as a sword. The right to retain possession of the property rests on the express provisions of the Act and on his compliance thereof. Section 53-A confers no title on the transferee but imposes a statutory bar on the transferor to seek possession of the immovable property from the transferee. Equally, Section 53-A does not confer any title on the defendant in possession nor can he maintain a suit on title. The benefit of Section 53- A can be availed of as a shield to retain possession.- 2015 S.C. (1995) MSKLAWREPORTS

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